Habitat: This Xenops species can be found in forests and more especially in second-growth woodland, in the lowlands. Distribution: This species has been reported from southeastern Mexico to northern Bolivia, Paraguay, northeastern Argentina and southeastern Brazil. Natural History Notes: The Plain Xenops is usually difficult to see, especially when it forages for insects, such as the larvae of wood-boring beetles, on bark, rotting stumps or bare twigs. It moves in all directions on the trunk like a treecreeper, but does not use its tail for balance. Conservation status according to IUCN 2008 Red list: Least Concern (LC). It is a resident species. Characteristics: This species has a total length of 11.4 cm (measured from tip of bill to end of tail). This bird has a short yellow bill with a wedge shape. The plumage is brown above that contrasts with the white tripe above the eye and the crescent shape white stripe present on the cheeks. The rump, tail and wing-band are all rufous red. and the underparts are brown, except for the white throat.