Habitat: This Kingbird species is fairly abundant in open and semiopen areas, but also in residential areas, roadsides and clearings. Therefore, they have a pretty flexible habitat choice and can spread easily. Distribution: This species has been reported from southern Arizona and Mexico, to central Argentina. The birds breeding south will migrate north during winter, as well as the northern birds that will migrate south. Natural History Notes: The Tropical Kingbird is one of the most commonly observed birds in Panama. You will often find it perched on wires and other perches. It will catch insects while flying and swallow them in the air. Its call consists of short notes like "pip", that are usually followed by a rising note like "piririree". Conservation status according to IUCN 2008 Red list: Least Concern (LC). It is a resident species. Characteristics: The total length of this species varies between 23.8 cm and 24.2 cm (measured from tip of bill to end of tail). This bird has a gray head with gray ear-coverts and with an orange crown patch that is usually masked. The plumage is olive gray above with brown wings and a slightly forked brown tail. The throat is whitish and the underparts are bright yellow, with some olive tones on the chest.