Habitat: This dove species will favor undergrowth of forest and second-growth woodlands in the lowlands. Distribution: This species has been reported from southern Mexico to Bolivia, northeastern Argentina and southern Brazil. Natural History Notes: Like the other dove species, the Ruddy quail-dove is terrestrial and fairly shy. However, this species is usually more easily encountered. We can hear its resonant call that sounds like "coooo" given at a 3-5 seconds of intervals. Conservation status according to IUCN 2008 Red list: Least Concern (LC). Characteristics: The total length of this species varies between 9 inches and 10 inches (measured from tip of bill to end of tail). This bird can be recognized by the bill, the skin around the eyes and the legs that all have a red-purple coloration. The male has a rufous-brown coloration on the part above with some purple on the back. On the face, we can distinguish pink-red stripe with a moustache-like stripe of a chestnut coloration. The throat is cinnamon red and becomes more beige on the underparts. The female has an olive brown coloration on the above with a forehead and a stripe in the face of a cinnamon coloration. We might distinguish beige spots on the breast. The tail is olive colored.