Habitat: Lowland to mid-elevation evergreen and semideciduous forests, tolerates disturbed habitats. Distribution: Southern Mexico through Central America to northern Argentina and Southeastern Brazil, Lesser Antilles and Trinidad and Tobago. Natural History Notes: Guild 8: Highly Cluttered Space/Gleaning Frugivores (Kalko, et al.) Eats fruits and some floral parts. Roosts in small colonies in caves, hollow trees, and under foliage. Males protect harems consisting of several females. Birth peaks appear in March-April and August-September in Panama. Characteristics: Large, stocky body. Dorsal pelage light to medium brown, underparts light brown, not frosted. Broad muzzle and short; noseleaf prominent. Facial stripes distinct, upper stripe broader than lower. Upper surface of interfemoral membrane and legs well haired. Forearm 69-78, Mb 55-75 gms. Can be confused with Artibeus intermedius, which is slightly smaller.