Habitat: Common to abundant in lowland tropical evergreen forests and dry deciduous forests. Tolerates disturbed habitat conditions. Distribution: Tamaulipas and Sinaloa, Mexico throught Central America, south to northern Argentina, Trinidad and Tobago, Ecuador and Brazil. Natural History Notes: Guild 6: Highly Cluttered Space/Gleaning Frugivores (Kalko, et al., 1996). A ubiquitous bat that roosts in small to large colonies in caves, hollow trees, foliage, and buildings. Figs are preferred but other fruits, and some leaves, are consumed. Males form harems. In Panama birth peaks occur in March-April and July-August. A postpartum estrus occurs. Characteristics: A large, muscular bat. Dorsal pelage gray or grayish brown, underparts paler, frosted. Facial stripes indistinct, no white stripe on back, muzzle broad, noseleaf prominent, interfemoral membrane nearly naked, Forearm 55-67mm, Mb 30-50gms, much geographic variation. Artibeus intermedius and A. lituratus are larger and browner, with more distinct facial stripes.